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Isoprenoids

Isoprenoids, also known as terpenoids, are natural compounds such as terpenes, sesquiterpenes, limonoids, ubiquinone, menthol, and camphor. They are found in plants and animals and play a role in the physiological processes of both. These roles range from colors and aromas, to vitamins and essential reproductive hormones(1). In general, isoprenoids are beneficial to reduce appetite, stress, anxiety, and to support digestion. Limonene is one of the most common terpenes present in aromatic plants and fruits, responsible for the lemon-like flavor and aroma. Myrcene is the active sedating principle of hops and lemongrass.

Here are some of the key benefits of Isoprenoids:

  • Exhibit antioxidant potential
  • Effective in Alzheimer’s disease
  • Promote sleep time
  • Help with pain relief
  • Antibacterial
  • Sedative Properties

Phytochemical

Food Sources

Part of the Plant

Benefits for Human Health

Isoprenoids

Limonene

Lemon, lime, orange

Oil of orange

Anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and anti-stress properties, as well as a neuroprotective role in Alzheimer’s disease

Myrcene

Mango, guava, thyme, parsley, bay leaves, lemongrass, cardamom, sweet basil, juniper

Essential oil extract of lemongrass, juniper, cardamom

Anxiolytic, antioxidant, anti-aging, anti-inflammatory, and analgesic properties

Pinene

Cannabis, turpentine tree, ironwort, sage plant

Oil of cannabis, ironwort, and sage plants

Antibacterial, antitumor, anti-inflammatory, and sedative properties

 

Note: Adapted from: Kumar A, P N, Kumar M, Jose A, Tomer V, Oz E, Proestos C, Zeng M, Elobeid T, K S, Oz F. Major Phytochemicals: Recent Advances in Health Benefits and Extraction Method. Molecules. 2023 Jan 16;28(2):887. doi: 10.3390/molecules28020887. PMID: 36677944; PMCID: PMC9862941.

Sources:

  1. Eastman, R. H., & Kluger, R. H. (2018, April 11). Isoprenoid. Chemical compound. Brittanica. Retrieved September 14, 2023, from https://www.britannica.com/science/isoprenoid